The Facts About Concrete Repair

Concrete Repair is a labor-intensive process that requires the right knowledge and materials. A professional contractor will have the expertise to assess and determine a proper repair method.

Concrete Repair

The evaluation should include destructive and non-destructive inspections, corrosion activity, laboratory chemical and petrographic analysis of concrete samples, and the structural condition. Visit Website to learn more.

Concrete is a robust material, but it isn’t impervious to wear and tear. It’s important to understand the factors that deteriorate and degrade concrete so that steps can be taken in the repair process to minimize or prevent future damage and costly repairs. Taking safety precautions, allocating adequate time and budget, considering professional help when necessary, avoiding common mistakes and maintaining proper maintenance can all contribute to successful concrete repair projects.

The first step in any concrete repair project is thorough surface preparation. It’s vital that dirt, oil, grease and other contaminants are removed from the surface of the existing concrete. Concrete repair materials will not adhere well to dirty surfaces. Cleaning can be done with chemical products, such as acids, or physical methods like sandblasting or power washing.

It’s also critical that the existing concrete is structurally sound. Cracks, spalling and chipping are caused by a variety of factors including shrinkage and settling. They can cause trip hazards, provide insect entry points and reduce the energy efficiency of a facility. Major structural cracks should be repaired using a qualified professional engineer.

Once the surface of the concrete is prepped, a bonding agent should be applied to the old concrete. A product like SpecChem’s Strong Bond or SpecWeld serves as the “glue” that enhances the bond between the concrete and the new repair material. Using the bonding agent helps ensure that the repair is as strong as possible.

During the bonding process, it’s important to keep the temperature of the concrete and the bonding agent within a safe range. Too hot or too cold will reduce the strength and longevity of the bond. Finally, the concrete and bonding agent must be saturated with potable water to ensure that all the cement particles are fully hydrated.

Once the surface of the existing concrete is ready for repair, it’s important that the patch be the correct shape and size. If a patch is too large, it may not completely fill in the crack or hole and may create an uneven surface. It’s also important that the patch is not too thin at the edges of the repair area. This will help to avoid dying shrinkage cracks in the patch that can impact bond and long-term durability.


Concrete repair contractors must be able to identify the right concrete for the job and ensure the proper mix design, placement, curing, and finishing practices are used. This is to reduce the risk of premature failure due to structural damage, water infiltration, or other problems caused by inadequate concrete repairs.

Concrete surfaces are exposed to harsh environmental conditions that can cause them to deteriorate and become damaged over time. These include weathering, cracks, spalling (flaking or peeling), settling and movement of soil, and heavy foot or vehicle traffic. Unless repaired in a timely manner, these problems can lead to significant and costly damage to the structure.

Depending on the nature and extent of the damage, repair work can range from replacing concrete sections to filling in voids or making surface leveling adjustments. Repairs can also be designed to meet a specific service condition, such as increased bearing capacity or resistance to corrosion or chemicals.

Before hiring a contractor, it is a good idea to walk through the repair area to understand what will be done and get an estimate for the job. This can help you decide which contractor will best fit your needs and budget. In addition, it is a good idea to get estimates from multiple repair contractors to ensure you are getting the best value for your money.

In addition to ensuring the correct concrete for the job, it is important to inspect the repairs for quality and to catch any potential issues before they become major problems. One issue that is often overlooked is the influence of temperature on concrete. When temperatures change, the concrete expands and can create problems with a repair. To avoid this, a repair material should be selected with a coefficient of thermal expansion that is appropriate for the concrete.

Another common issue is improper expansion joints. These are a necessary component of most concrete structures, but they must be properly installed and maintained to prevent leaks, movement, and other problems. When a construction site is busy, it may be difficult to keep an eye on these joints. This is when it is important to have a knowledgeable inspection team like CMR to monitor and solve problems.

Repair Materials

The selection of repair materials is a crucial factor in the success of concrete repairs. It is important to choose a material that is compatible with the existing substrate and will bond well. Cement-based materials are generally considered to be the most suitable, especially those that provide rapid hardening. These include Portland cement (PC), sulphoaluminate cement (SAC) and magnesium phosphate cement (MPC). Blending materials such as fly ash, blast furnace slag and silica fume are often added to these cements for improved properties.

A number of techniques can be used to improve the bond between repair materials and substrates, including increasing the roughness of the surface and adding interfacial agents. These techniques can also enhance the mechanical interlock of the repair layer.

In addition, a wide variety of tests can be performed to assess the performance of a repair material. These tests can include flexural tests to determine the bend resistance and monolithic failure mode; shear tests to determine the shear bond strength; slant shear tests to evaluate the interfacial strength; and push-out tests and core pull-out tests to evaluate the tensile strength of the concrete.

There are many different repair materials available for concrete structures, including epoxy systems and polymer concrete. These repair materials can be used to fill cracks or to strengthen the concrete structure. One disadvantage of these repair materials is that they tend to shrink more than the concrete matrix, which can cause debonding and the failure of the repaired concrete.

Other types of repair methods for concrete include routing and sealing, stitching and drilling and plugging. These methods are typically used to repair small cracks in concrete. For larger cracks, a technique called prestressing steel is used. This involves placing steel cables or bars in the cracks to apply a compressive force and prevent the crack from expanding further.

Another option for repairing concrete is dry packing. This method involves mixing one part cement and two and a half parts sand with water to create a mortar that can be used to fill in cracks and weak areas. This method is popular because it can be applied quickly and with minimal labor costs.


Concrete is a durable material, but it will wear down over time and need repair. There are several methods for repairing concrete surfaces, and the type of repair needed will depend on the cause and extent of damage. Surface repairs are used to fix cracks and spalling, while structural repairs address deeper damage that may be related to a foundation problem.

The most common way to repair surface damage is with a patching product. This can be done by hand, with a hammer and chisel or with power tools such as a drill, jackhammer or concrete saw. It’s important to use the correct tool for the job, as each will have different benefits and drawbacks.

A drill or jackhammer can help to break up concrete and make it easier for you to remove. It can also be helpful for cutting large areas of concrete to prepare it for removal or to make room for new concrete. A hammer and chisel is slow and labor-intensive, but it can be useful for detailed work and smaller projects like breaking up old concrete to make way for a new installation.

An angle grinder with a diamond cup wheel or stone cup wheel can be helpful in cleaning out dirty holes and oily or sealed surfaces that have been sealed over. It can also be used for etching the concrete, which helps to improve adhesion of the patching materials.

For larger area projects, a concrete saw may be needed to cut through the concrete. These can be either portable handheld saws or walk-behind models, and they’re a good choice for jobs where the concrete will need to be removed quickly and efficiently.

Concrete saws also come in different sizes and shapes, so you’ll need to consider the dimensions of your project when choosing a saw. For example, a small handheld saw might be fine for most projects, but you’ll need something bigger if you’re working on a large commercial floor or other larger-scale project.

A bull float is an essential tool for concrete resurfacing and finishing, and it’s usually made of stainless steel to prevent rusting. It’s a great way to get the smooth, polished look that many commercial floors are known for, and it can be used right after you pour the wet concrete mix.